OVARY

Before discussing about the Ovary Cyst, we must know about ovary’s functionality. Ovary is a part of the female reproductive system. Women have two ovaries. These ovaries locates in the lower abdomen on both sides of the Uterus. Ovary has two main reproductive functions in the body. First of all it produces eggs (oocytes) for fertilization, as well as produces the reproductive hormones, Estrogen and Progesterone.

Normal Ovaries

CAUSES OF OVARY CYST

During a woman’s menstrual cycle, an egg grows in a sac (i.e. follicle). The follicle locates inside the ovaries. It contains fluid that protects the egg as it grows and bursts when the egg is released. Each month a woman’s ovaries release an egg, which travels down the Fallopian tubes into the womb (uterus).  In most cases, this follicle burst and releases an egg. But if the follicle doesn’t burst, the fluid inside the follicle can form a “Cyst” in the ovary. As a result the size of the cyst can range from as small as a pea to larger than an orange. It is different from an abscess because it is not filled with pus.

Ovary Cyst

Endometriosis

In some cases there are two main conditions of Ovary Cyst i.e. Endometriosis and Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS). Endometrial tissue normally grows in the uterus and consists of gland, blood cells, and connective tissue. It helps to prepare the lining of the womb (i.e. endometrium) for ovulation. In Endometriosisendometrium grows outside of the uterus (i.e. on the Fallopian tubes, ovaries, bladder etc.)

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

In PCOS woman’s hormone levels affects frequently. It causes lots of small and harmless cysts to develop in the ovaries. Women with PCOS produce higher amounts of male hormones than normal amount. This hormone imbalance causes them to skip menstrual periods and makes it harder for them to get pregnant.

Causes Of Ovary Cyst

TYPES OF OVARY CYST

There are two types of ovary cysts i.e. Functional ovary cyst and Pathological ovary cyst.

1- Functional Ovary Cyst

This cyst has direct link to the menstrual cycle. There are further two types of Functional ovary cysts; Follicular Cyst & Luteal Cyst.

a- Follicular cyst are the most common type. In some cases, the follicle either does not shed its fluid and shrink after releasing the egg. In contrast it does not release an egg at all. Follicular Ovary Cyst develops when the follicle swells with fluid.

b- Luteal cyst is less common. After the egg has been released, it leaves tissue (corpus luteum) behind. Luteal cysts can develop when the tissue fills with blood. This type of cyst normally goes away within a few months.

2- Pathological Ovary Cyst

This cyst doesn’t have any link with menstrual cycle. Actual cause of this cyst is the abnormal cell growth. There are further two types of pathological cysts; Dermoid cyst & Cystadenomas.

a- Dermoid cyst is most common cyst in below 30 age women. Because they are formed from the cells that make eggs.

b- Cystadenomas cyst is most common cyst in over 40 aged women. Furthermore Cystadenomas develops from cells that cover the outer part of the ovary. Some cysts contains a watery liquid and some are filled with a thick mucus-like substance.

OVARY

Before discussing about the Ovary Cyst, we must know about ovary’s functionality. Ovary is a part of the female reproductive system. Women have two ovaries. These ovaries locates in the lower abdomen on both sides of the Uterus. Ovary has two main reproductive functions in the body, first of all it produces eggs (oocytes) for fertilization, as well as produces the reproductive hormones, Estrogen and Progesterone.

Normal Ovaries

CAUSES OF OVARY CYST

During a woman’s menstrual cycle, an egg grows in a sac (i.e. follicle). The follicle locates inside the ovaries. It contains fluid that protects the egg as it grows and bursts when the egg is released. Each month a woman’s ovaries release an egg, which travels down the fallopian tubes into the womb (uterus).  In most cases, this follicle burst and releases an egg. But if the follicle doesn’t burst, the fluid inside the follicle can form a “Cyst” in the ovary. As a result the size of the cyst can range from as small as a pea to larger than an orange. It is different from an abscess because it is not filled with pus.

Ovary Cyst

Endometriosis

In some cases there are two main conditions of Ovary Cyst i.e. Endometriosis and Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS). Endometrial tissue normally grows in the uterus and consists of gland, blood cells, and connective tissue. It helps to prepare the lining of the womb (i.e. endometrium) for ovulation. In Endometriosisendometrium grows outside of the uterus (i.e. on the Fallopian tubes, ovaries, bladder etc.)

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

In PCOS woman’s hormone levels affects frequently. It causes lots of small and harmless cysts to develop in the ovaries. Women with PCOS produce higher amounts of male hormones than normal amount. This hormone imbalance causes them to skip menstrual periods and makes it harder for them to get pregnant.

Causes Of Ovary Cyst

TYPES OF OVARY CYST

There are two types of ovary cysts i.e. Functional ovary cyst and Pathological ovary cyst.

1- Functional Ovary Cyst

This cyst has direct link to the menstrual cycle. There are further two types of Functional ovary cysts; Follicular Cyst & Luteal Cyst.

a- Follicular cyst are the most common type. In some cases, the follicle either does not shed its fluid and shrink after releasing the egg. In contrast it does not release an egg at all. Follicular Ovary Cyst develops when the follicle swells with fluid.

b- Luteal cyst is less common. After the egg has been released, it leaves tissue (corpus luteum) behind. Luteal cysts can develop when the tissue fills with blood. This type of cyst normally goes away within a few months.

2- Pathological Ovary Cyst

This cyst doesn’t have any link with menstrual cycle. Actual cause of this cyst is the abnormal cell growth. There are further two types of pathological cysts; Dermoid cyst & Cystadenomas.

a- Dermoid cyst is most common cyst in below 30 age women. Because they are formed from the cells that make eggs.

b- Cystadenomas cyst is most common cyst in over 40 aged women. Furthermore Cystadenomas develops from cells that cover the outer part of the ovary. Some cysts contains a watery liquid and some are filled with a thick mucus-like substance.

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